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How Are Secretaries of State Selected?

Secretary of state is a statewide office in 47 states and, although duties vary by state, a primary responsibility includes managing and overseeing a state’s elections. Voters in 38 states elect the secretary of state, while the remaining 12 states appoint the secretary of state. Alaska, Hawaii, and Utah do not have a secretary of state position. And Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia call the office the “secretary of the commonwealth.”


Current Partisan Breakdown of Secretaries of State

Currently, there are 27 Republican secretaries of state and 20 Democratic secretaries of state. 


States with Secretary of State Elections in 2022

On November 8, 2022, secretary of state seats in 27 states are up for election.  Of these seats up for election, 13 seats are currently held by Democrats and 14 seats are currently held by Republicans. 


Primary Elections: Dates and Results

The chart below lays out the primary dates and the victors (once available) in major party primaries for the 27 secretary of state races. Asterisk (*) indicated incumbent.

State

Primary Election

Democratic Candidate

Republican Candidate

Alabama

May 24



Arizona

August 2



Arkansas

May 24



California

June 7



Colorado

June 28



Connecticut

August 9



Georgia

May 24



Idaho

May 17



Illinois

June 28



Indiana

May 3



Iowa

June 7



Kansas

August 2



Massachusetts

September 6



Michigan

August 2



Minnesota

August 9



Nebraska

May 10

NoneBob Evnen*

Nevada

June 14



New Mexico

June 7



North Dakota

June 14



Ohio

May 3

Chelsea Clark

Frank LaRose*

Rhode Island

September 13



South Carolina

June 14



South Dakota

June 7



Vermont

August 9



Washington

August 2



Wisconsin

August 9



Wyoming

August 16




Additional Resources and Analysis

Visit our 2022 State Elections Toolkit for additional information on all of the state executive and legislative seats up for election this year, handy downloadable resources,  and analysis of the potential impact on the partisan makeup of state governments.