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Jurisdiction Vaccine Mandates

Alabama prohibits government entities from issuing standardized documentation for the purpose of certifying immunization status. Alabama makes exemptions for child immunization forms and “other applicable state law. Alabama prohibits people from being denied entry to businesses, universities, and state agencies if they have not been vaccinated for COVID-19. Additionally, Alabama prohibits any state agency from imposing any penalty for noncompliance with federal vaccine mandates.


Prohibits all executive branch entities from requiring any person to show their vaccination status in order to travel to, or around, the state.


Gov. Doug Ducey issued an executive order on Apr. 19, 2021, preventing state and local governments in Arizona from requiring Arizonans to provide their COVID-19 vaccination status to receive any public service or enter a government building.


Prohibits Arkansas state agencies or entities, or any political subdivisions of Arkansas, or any state or local official from requiring individuals to provide proof of COVID-19 vaccination status for any reason. Further, COVID-19 vaccination status may not be a condition for entry, travel, education, or any other service.


California requires that state employees and health care workers show proof of vaccination or get tested regularly. The new policy for state workers will take effect on August 2 and testing will be phased in over the next few weeks. The new policy for health care workers and congregate facilities will take effect on August 9, and health care facilities will have until August 23 to come into full compliance.

K-12 teachers and school employees must be fully vaccinated or get tested regularly for COVID-19.


All state employees must be vaccinated against Covid-19 by September 20, 2021, or undergo twice-weekly testing.

State contractors and state contractor workers who enter residential or congregate care facilities must provide proof of vaccination. State contractors and state contract workers who do not enter residential or congregate care facilities do not need to show proof of vaccination.


Mandates guiding vaccination have expired and are no longer in effect.


On August 12, 2021, Gov. Carney mandated that, by September 30, 2021, all long-term care facility staff, all other healthcare facilities staff, teachers, staff, contractors, and volunteers and all other Delaware state employees must either provide proof of vaccination or undergo regular testing to prevent the transmission of COVID-19.


Florida prohibits governmental agencies, government employees, and all political subdivisions from mandating the use of face coverings and from mandating a show of vaccination against COVID-19 (also known as "vaccine passports"). The bill that instituted these requirements, SB 2006, is currently being litigated in the Florida court system.


Prohibits state agencies, state service providers, and state properties from requiring COVID-19 vaccine passports.


All Hawaii state employees (state and county) are required to show proof that they are vaccinated against COVID-19 by August 16 or undergo weekly testing.


Gov. Brad Little signed an executive order prohibiting any State of Idaho governmental entity from requiring proof of COVID-19 vaccination for citizens to recieve public services or access governmental facilities.


Illinois implements a coronavirus vaccine or regular testing requirement for public and private pre-K through 12 teachers and staff, higher education teachers and staff, students in higher education, and healthcare workers. The deadline for all healthcare workers, teachers, and school staff to have had their first dose of a COVID-19 vaccine is September 19, 2021. Licensed daycare workers are also required to be fully vaccinated by January 3, 2022.


Indiana prohibits the state government, any of its subdivisions, and any local governments (and any subdivisions thereof) from issuing or requiring proof of COVID-19 vaccination to use governmental services or facilities. Indiana also allows employees to find exemptions from employer vaccine mandates.


On May 20, 2021, Governor Reynolds signed IA HF 889 into law which prohibits the use of vaccine passports. The new law also prohibits the mandatory disclosure of whether a person has been vaccinated against Covid-19.

On October 28, 2021, the Iowa legislature passed IA HF 902 which permits individuals who have been fired for not being vaccinated against Covid-19 to collect unemployment benefits. The Governor has stated that she intends to sign the bill, which becomes effective upon signing.


Kansas prohibits governmental agencies, buildings, or political subdivisions from requiring proof of vaccination against COVID-19.


Health care workers are required to be vaccinated by October 29.


Maryland requires nursing home staff and healthcare workers to get a COVID-19 vaccine or submit to weekly COVID-19 testing, beginning Sept. 1, 2021.


Requires executive state employees to be vaccinated by October 17, 2021. There has been no order requiring private sector employees to be vaccinated.


Bans any state entity from requiring a person to get vaccinated as a condition for employment, this legislation, however, excludes hospitals, congregate care facility, or other medical facility or any hospital, congregate care facility, or other medical facility operated by a local subdivision that receives federal Medicare or Medicaid funding.


State employees must be fully vaccinated against Covid-19 by September 8, 2021, or undergo weekly testing.


Mississippi does not currently have a vaccine mandate in place, however, the Mississippi Department of Health recommends that all eligible individuals get vaccinated against Covid-19.


Missouri prohibits local, publicly funded entities from requiring a vaccine passport in order for residents to use public services. Political subdivisions of Missouri may only issue public health orders that directly or indirectly restrict access to businesses, churches, schools, or other places of assembly for 30 calendars days in a 180-day period when the governor has declared a state of emergency, or 21 days when the governor has not declared a state of emergency.


Gov. Gianforte issued an executive order prohibiting the state-sponsored development and required use of vaccine passports, indicators of COVID-19 vaccination status to access various services and facilities (governmental or private).


Currently, Nebraska still has a mandate in place prohibiting cabinet-level executive agencies from following federal guidance on vaccine mandates or from creating their own vaccine mandate. On March 1, a new law went into effect allowing for religious or medical COVID-19 vaccine exemptions in workplaces of one or more people.


Beginning August 15, 2021, state employees must be fully vaccinated against Covid-19. State employees who are not fully vaccinated must undergo weekly Covid-19 tests and submit proof of a negative tests to their human resources officer or department supervisor.

Beginning November 1, 2021, state employees who work in healthcare settings or state facilities (ex. prisons) must provide proof of vaccination against Covid-19. This requirement expired on December 21, 2021.

On December 2, 2021, the Nevada Public Employees’ Benefit Program Board voted to add a monthly surcharge of up to $55/month to state employees who are not fully vaccinated against Covid-19.

New Hampshire

Prohibits local governments from mandating vaccines for its employees.

New Jersey

New Jersey mandates that all public school teachers and all other state employees get vaccinated for COVID-19. Further, on August 23, 2021, Gov. Phil Murphy mandated that all state employees, and employees of public, private, parochial schools, in the state must be fully vaccinated by October 18, 2021 or be tested once or twice a week. Finally, on September 20, 2021, Gov. Murphy mandated that all childcare facility employees be fully vaccinated or submit to weekly COVID tests by November 1, 2021.

On Oct. 20, 2021, Governor Phil Murphy signed Executive Order No. 271, which requires new and potential state contractors to demonstrate that all of their employees who enter, work at, or provide services in any state agency location are fully vaccinated or otherwise undergo weekly testing. The order is effective immediately.

On Jan. 19, 2022, Gov. Phil Murphy mandated that all healthcare and high-risk congregate setting workers must be fully vaccinated and receive their COVID-19 booster shot. The executive order lays out a timeline for when people must receive their vaccinations based on current vaccination status. These timelines were updated on March 2nd and are effective immediately.

New Mexico

New Mexico requires all workers in healthcare and congregate care facilities to be fully vaccinated against Covid-19. Additionally, all employees of the Office of the Governor must be fully vaccinated against Covid-19. Individuals can be exempted from the requirement to be fully vaccinated if they have a qualifying medical condition, disability, or a sincerely held religious belief. Individuals who are not vaccinated due to an exemption must be tested for Covid-19 on a weekly basis and wear a face covering indoors at all times.

Additionally, all healthcare and congregate care facilities and employees of the Office of the Governor must receive Covid-19 booster shots by January 17, 2022 or within four weeks of becoming eligible for a Covid-19 booster shot.

New York

New York requires all healthcare workers in New York State, including staff at hospitals and long-term care facilities (LTCF), including nursing homes, adult care, and other congregate care settings, to be vaccinated against COVID-19 by Monday, September 27.

North Carolina

Beginning September 1, 2021, all Cabinet Agency workers must be vaccinated against Covid-19 or undergo weekly testing.

North Dakota

In North Dakota, no government agency or business can require a customer to provide proof of vaccination. However, higher education facilities and airports are exempt from the bill. North Dakota prohibits state entities and local governments from installing a COVID-19 vaccine mandate. The bill allows for businesses to install COVID019 vaccine mandates for its employees, but it includes numerous exemptions. These include moral reasons, a doctor's note, proof of antibodies over the past six months, and undergoing weekly testing.


Oklahoma prohibits all state agencies from requiring vaccination against Covid-19 as a condition of admittance to any public building.


Governor Brown announced that all executive branch employees, teachers, educators, support staff, health care workers, and volunteers in K-12 schools will be required to be fully vaccinated on or before October 18, or six weeks after a COVID-19 vaccine receives full approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, whichever is later.


Beginning September 7, 2021, all state employees in state health care facilities and high-risk congregate care facilities must be fully vaccinated against Covid-19. Additionally, any new hires at state health care facilities or high-risk congregate care facilities must be vaccinated before beginning their employment.

Rhode Island

On August 18, 2021, Gov. McKee mandated that all healthcare workers in Rhode Island must show proof of vaccination against COVID-19 or undergo COVID-19 testing twice per week (and wear a mask) starting October 1, 2021.

South Carolina

South Carolina prohibits any agency, department, official, employee of South Carolina, or any political subdivision of South Carolina from requiring proof of vaccination against COVID-19 (otherwise known as a "vaccine passport").

South Dakota

South Dakota prohibits state agencies, state boards, state departments, all other executive branch entities, any other department of the state government, and any other political subdivision of South Dakota from requiring an individual from presenting proof of vaccination to enter government premises, do business with the government, or any other manner of transaction with the government. Further, those same prohibited entites may not require any business transacting with the government from requiring its employees to obtain vaccination against COVID-19. However, the above rules do not apply to nursing homes, assisted living facilities, or any long-term care facility.

On Oct. 27, 2021, Gov. Noem issued an order allowing state employees to opt out of any potential federal vaccine mandate on medical or religious grounds.


Tennessee prohibits a state or local governmental official, entity, department, or agency from mandating a private business require proof of vaccination against COVID-19 as a condition of entering the premises of the business or utilizing services provided by the business.


Texas prohibits any entity from requiring any individual to provide proof of vaccination against Covid-19.


Utah requires businesses who have a vaccinate mandate to grant medical or religious exemptions to employees who request them.


On September 8, 2021, Gov. Scott announced that all Vermont state employees will be required to show proof of COVID-19 vaccination or undergo weekly COVID-19 testing starting September 15, 2021.


On January 15, 2022, Governor Glenn Youngkin rescinded the mandate requiring that all state employees be vaccinated against Covid-19 or undergo weekly Covid-19 testing.


Governor Inslee ordered most state workers and health care employees to be fully vaccinated by Oct. 18 or lose their jobs. On September 3, 2021, Gov. Inslee prohibited local government agencies, agency officials, and landlords from preventing businesses who require masking or proof-of-COVID-19 vaccination for entering establishment.


The Wisconsin Department of Administration determined that all executive branch employees, interns, and contractors must get a COVID-19 vaccine or submit to weekly COVID-19 testing starting Oct. 18.


On May 7, 2021, Governor Mark Gordon signed an executive order prohibiting state agencies from requiring proof of vaccination prior to entering public buildings and prohibited the use of vaccine passports.